The Baltimore Ecosystem Study (BES) seeks to
  • Pursue excellence in social-ecological research in an urban system;
  • Maintain positive engagement with communities, environmental institutions, and government agencies;
  • Educate and inform the public, students, and organizations that have need of scientific knowledge; and
  • Assemble and nurture a diverse and inclusive community of researchers, educators, and participants.


This research was supported by funding from the NSF Long-term Ecological Research (LTER) Program. This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. DEB-1637661. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.